Morayshire Family History Sharing
Scottish Words and Phrases
Scottish words and phrases that could be found in deeds, wills other documents
ABBACY, abbey, or abbot's office
ABSOLVITOR, Judgement for the defender in a civil action
ABULZEAMENTIS (abulziements, abilyementis, abuilyiement, bulyament), clothes
ACCIDENTS, the payment incidental to admission as a burgess.
ACCRETION, The enlargement of an inheritance or legacy following the failure of a co-heir to prove their share.
ACQUIET, guarantee undisturbed possession of land.
ACTIS acts, legal documents recording what has been done
ADJUGE, sentence to pay a fine
ADJUDICATION. CHARTER OF, charter granted by the crown to a creditor of the estate of his debtor in satisfaction of the debt.
ADMINICLE, Supporting documentary evidence
ADNUL, vb. annul, p. adnullit, annulled
ADOES (adois), business.
ADVISE,look to, see after.
ADVOCATE bring a judgment before a higher tribunal for review. or second opinion
AE, only (e.g. son) ae coo's meat; enough land to raise one cow.
AGNATE, one related on the father's side.
AIRE, circuit court
AIRTH, quarter from which the wind blows
AISLE, the covered burial place annexed to a church
AITSEED, the season for the sowing of oats
AIXIES, ague, fever
ALHALLOW, Allhallowtide. All Saints Day
ALLEKAY, a bridegroom's attendant or a footman or lackey
ALIMENT, process of, legal process for the maintenance of children, wife, or parent.
ALLYE, kinship, allies, friends or associate.
AMAND compensation or fine.
AMERCIAT fined, a fine
AMRIE (aumrie), cupboard either moveable or fixed and taken from the French word armoire
ANDERMESS, St Andrew's Day (November 30th)
ANENT, about, concerning;
ANNALZIE, transfer of ownership to another
ANNAT, initial six months or year's income due in payment to executors of an estate
ANNESIS, appurtenances, annexed to land.
ANNEX, a minor property subsidiary to one that is more important
ANNUAL RENT interest on money, or mortgage ; literally, the yearly rent.
ANNUALLAR someone in receipt of a yearly rent
APAYN OF, under penalty of
APPARENT whereby the succession process has begun for someone following the death of a predecessor but is yet incomplete (not to be confused with heir-apparent).
APPOINT, order the destination of property (in court).
APPREHEND, seize in the name of the law, either goods or a person
APPRISE, to place and value on and sell the land of a debtor in order to pay off the debt
APPURTENANCE, often a small portion of land that is hung on to - not let go of - not sold or given as a gift
ARAGE, feudal service with draught-cattle
ARAND, ploughing, tilling
ARBITER, anarbitrator (chosen voluntarily by the parties concerned to settle a dispute)
ARK, a chest or trunk, suitable for storing grain, etc
ARLE, take into service on payment of a sum of money
ARRELS earnest money given to servants to bind an engagement
ARREST, to apprehend or seize property of a debtor which is being held by a third party.
ARRESTEE, the person from whom a third party's assets are removed.
ARRESTMENTS, loosing, relaxing attachment for debt.
AS ACCORDS (of law), agreeable to law.
ASHET, a large, usually oval but occasionally round, serving plate, sometimes lavishly decorated could be taken from the assiette, mening a plate
ASIAMENT, convenience, an advantage.
ASSEDATION, a tack or letting of land for a term.
ASSIGNATION, deed assigning debts or rights to another,
ASSIZE, jury, or inquest.
ASSOILZIE, acquit, hold not liable
ASSUME, to levy a tax on church property
ASSYTH, compensation, indemnification, reparation
ASTRENZE, place under obligation
AS WODINSDAY, Ash Wednesday
ATTINGENT, close, near - in terms of age or relationship
AUCHT, This can mean "eight," or "eighth", or sometimes " owned" or "owed", as well as meaning a possession.
AUNTIE, an unmarried woman keeping a tavern
AUTHOR, the individual from whom a title or ownership is originated either by sale or as a gift
AVER a draught horse, old horse.
AWARD ground ploughed after the first crop
AYE AND WHILE, until
AYR - IS, heir, -s
BACKMAN, supporter in time of war
BACK UP, endorse
BACKSEATS subleases of land
BAICK BREAD kneading trough or baking board.
BAILIE magistrate in a burgh or in a barony, officer employed to give seisine or formal possession of land.
BAILIE-COURT, a court presided over by a bailie as magistrate.
BAIRN, barne, a young person, youth (as opposed to modern day useage, child or infant), could also describe a schoolboy or chorister
BAIRNTIME, bairnteme, offspring, brood of children also used to describe a group of animals
BAITH, baitht, bath, batht, bayth, both
BAIT WRICHT, shipwright, a boat-builder
BAJAN, first year university student
BALLANCE, flat dish, plate
BALLANDIS balances or scales for madder, a kind of dye stuff or a measure.
BAND, bond, contract.
BANDIS, marriage banns
BANERMAN, a bearer of army standard - a standard bearer
BANNES, banish or banned
BAPTIST, christened, named
BAREMAN, a bankrupt individual, or a person iwith debts
BARON BAILLIE, a baron's deputy
BARON COURT, within a barony, a tribunal presided over by the baron or his deputy a bailie
BARONY free, an estate holding of the crown, and erected by crown charter into a barony, with power to hold courts, inflict penalties, etc.
BARRIKIN, small barrel
BASAR, an executioner
BATEL, battel, battle
BATTARD, small cannon
BAUCHILL, to denounce or disgrace in public
BAUDKIN, a cloth, lavishly embroidered and decorated
BAXTER, baker. Baxtarie, baxtrey; the craft of baking
BAYRN, bayrns, or barne, bairnis, child orchildren
BE, (prep.) by
BEAR, bere, barley.
BEARER, coal carrier, often a girl or woman, who carried the coals in baskets from the face to the shaft
BEDDAL, peddel, 1. church/kirk officer but could also be used to describe a University officer
BEDHOUS, BEDE HOUS, hospital or almshouse
BEE-SCAIFS (or bee-skeps), bee-hives.
BEET, a bundle of flax
BEETYACH, bittoch, bittock, small sword or dagger, a knife
BEIR, bear, i.e. barley.
BEKEN, admit as possessor
BELL PENNY, money saved for funeral costs
BENT SILVER, financial contribution from children at school to pay for 'bent grass' to be used as a floor covering
BEREANS, Protestant sect
BERE FRA, to dispossess someone of land or property
BERIS, place of burial
BERS, very small cannon
BEST AUCHT, the most valuable possession including animals and articles that could be claimed by a superior on the death of his tenant
BIBIL, a bible
BIGGEN, with child
BILGET, billiet, military order in document form
BIND, bin standard barrel measure for packing goods
BING, funeral pile
BIRD ALANE, only child
BIRLAW COURT, local court for lesser disputes.
BIRLIN, birling, a large rowing boat, or a galley from the Western Highlands
BIRL QUHEIL, spinning wheel
BIRNING, a punishment by branding
BIRNY, byrne, coat of mail
BIRTH, crop, produce
BIRTHFUL, fertile, usually with reference to farm animals
BLACK HOUS, thatched Highland hut of stone and turf, with a central fireplace on sn earthen floor
BLANTER, oat-based food, could be used to describe porridge
BLASON, King or Queen's messenger's badge of authority
BLEEZE SILVER, gift of money to a schoolteacher at Candlemas
BLENCH FERME (also blench-duty), mode of land-tenure, a nominal or peppercorn rent
BLUDE ROLL, list of those accused of bloodshed.
BLUE, a spirit, usually whisky
BODAY, a scarlet dye
BODDOCH, a liquid measure equivalent to three-quarters of a pint
BODILY, a solemn oath personally given.
BOLL, the heaped measure of that name, most commonly equivalent to six bushels,
BONDAGE, service owed and performed by a farm worker for the farmer
BOND OF PROVISION, bond by a father, providing for his children.
BOND OF TAILLIE, entail.
BONDELSOURE, bonelesew, pasturage linked to bond service
BONE WARK, bonday wark, service, unremunerated work as part of tenant service, bone/bonday plewis, unpaid ploughing as part of tenant service, bone/bonday silver money paid in lieu of service
BONNET, bannet, protective metal helmet
BONNET LAIRD, small farmer who owns and tends his land
BORDER WARRANT, a warrant for the seizure of the effects and person of a man in England for debts owed in Scotland.
BOREAUS, borreaus, executioners, hangmen
BORDEL, brothel Bordeler; brothel-keeper, can also be used to describe a person who frequents brothels
BOROW, borrow, stand surety, usually for bail
BOS, leather wine container
BOT (butt), without.
BOTE, wine cask
BOTHYN, a lordship
BOTISMAN, boitisman, boitman, botman, boatman
BOUND COURT, district tribunal
BOUNTY, extra sum paid to fishermen at end of season's fishing
BOUTHOUS, mill building for the sifting of the flour
BOW, a herd of cattle, cattle-stock, more often than not cows
BOW HOUS cow shed
BOX MASTER, treasurer, keeper of the cashbox.
BOX PENNY, market duty
BOYART, small single mast vessel
BRAE, salmon trap
BRAIG, large knife
BRANKS, iron bridle/gag, for the public punishment for the likes of abusive language or for a wife's nagging's
BRED, measurement unit for skins
BREEK BROTHER, rival in love
BREVE a writ from chancery authorizing an inquest or service.
BREW TALLOUN, duty paid for the rights to brew
BRIDLE SILVER, tip given to servant for leading a horse
BRIEVE BAUCK, a ridge of land left unploughed
BRIGANTINE, form of armour
BRIM, stream, burn
BROD, yound child, often the youngest in a family
BRODER (brodir, broder, broyr, brudir, brethyr, bredther, brither), brother.
BRODER BARN, brother's offspring Broderdochter, brother's daughter; broderson, brother's son
BROGGIT STAFF, a pike
BROKEN, without a feudal chief, outlawed
BROKIN ship-wrecked, or stranded
BUGGIS, lamb's wool.
BUIT, payment of compensation
BUITIS, torture instrument
BULGIT, a bag
BULLAX, type of axe
BULL'S HEAD, symbol of the death penalty, indicating imminent execution
BUN, small barrel
BUNSUCKEN, bound in service to a pre-designated mill
BURCHT, burght, burgh
BURD CLOTH, a table cloth.
BURDINER, guarantor assuming financial responsibility for another
BURGAGE, burgh law. a form of tenure under which land in a royal burgh is held by the king or Queen (or the land itself)
BURGESS AIR, the heir of a burgess.
BURGESS TICKET, the document conferring the freedom of a burgh to an individual.
BURGH COURT, town or burgh tribunal
BURGH LAW, town law, based on the early 15th system
BURGH RUDIS, land under cultivation belonging to the town
BURNIS, brooks, streams, or burns
BURNLEDER, a water-carrier
BURRYMAN, scapegoat for all the ills befalling a community
BUSH, vessel used to carry cargo, or occasionally for fishing
BUTTERMAN, one who trades in butter
BY, apart from
BYER cow shed
CADDIE, a military cadet
CADUCIAR, subject to, by means of
CAIBE, cabinet maker
CAIRD, tinker, pot-mender, one who travels the country
CAIRT, cart, a ship's chart or a cart.
CALSAY, causeway, street
CANDAVAIG, type of salmon
CANDLEMAS, 2nd of February, a Scottish quarter day The days on which farm contracts, leases, rents began and ended.
CANNONAR, cannoneer, one who fires a cannon
CAPE, a privateer. Caping, capring, privateering
CAPELLANE, cheplaine, a chaplain
CAPER, bread or oatcake with butter and cheese , on the other hand could be used as a term for a Pirate's vessel, privateer
CAPTION, arrest. Captour; a court-appointed official or person to apprehend criminals
CARAGE, carraige, a form of servitude by which a tenant was bound to carry for the proprietor a stipulated quantity of coals, grain, etc., or to serve him with men and horses a certain number of days in the year. This could also be done as a payment in kind
CARDOW, work illegally in a trade without being a freeman,
CARDOWER, an illegal worker in trade or a travelling tinker or tradesman could also describe a travelling tailor
CARECAKE, small cake eaten on Shrove Tuesday
CARE SONDAY, Passion Sunday
CARTOW, quarter cannon, a cannonball weighing a quarter of a hundredweight - 28 lbs
CAST, repeal as illegal, to cancel out
CASTELLAW, flour or cheese measure
CASTELLWARD, payment in lieu of the required feudal service of guarding a castle
CASTING UP THE HERETAGE, to do a deed that is against the history of the land
CASUALTY, miscellaneous item of revenue due from a tenant under certain circumstances
CATERAN, an outlaw or group of outlaws
CATHEAD, poor quality ironstone
CAUSEY PAIKER, prostitute
CAVEL, a division, share of property, assigned by lot
CEDENT, an individual who assigns property to another
CESSIO BONORUM, legal process enabling a debtor to avoid prison by surrendering all his means, on the assumption that he was not guilty of fraud
CESSIONER, an individual who is in receipt of property that has been ceded by another
CHAKKERAW, the Exchequer Row ; and also a chequered cloth or chess board.
CHALDER, a measure of sixteen bolls.
CHALLENDER, maker of coverlets
CHALLOP, large boat
CHAMBER IRON CHIMNEY, an iron grate for a room.
CHAMBERLAIN, a principal officer of the Scottish Royal household also describes the circuit court presided over by the chamberlain.
CHAMLET, light cloak, garment
CHAMPART, the share of produce due under the feudal system a tythe
CHARTER, a document of title, grant from the crown, the conveyance of an estate.
CHARTEROUR, a Carthusian
CHAUMER, chalmirleir, chambermaid. Chaumercheild, valet
CHECK WHEEL, a wheel for spinning lint,
CHEKKER, official auditor appointed to hear court cases relating to royal revenues
CHETERY, land reverting to the feudal lord when the tenant died intestate
CHILDER, ordinary sailors, hands on ship or people in general
CHILDIR, cheldyr, children
CHIMNEY CREWKES, hooks for hanging pots over the fire.
CHIMNEY GALLOWES, projecting beam on which to hang pots and pans
CHIMNEY SPEEL, a spit for roasting.
CHIRURGEON, a surgeon. taken from the Greek, meaning a worker with the hand.
CHOPIN a quart measure.
CHOPIS BAK, back shops.
CHRISTIN, a Christian. also used to describe Christmas
CINQUEFOIL, a charge in heraldry, consisting of five leaves.
CISTEUS, a Cistercian
CITINAR, citinares, citizen(s), people
CLAG claim against property
CLAIS, claiths, clothes.
CLAMANT, demand for redress
CLAP DYKE, wall for drainage, usually turf or earth
CLEARANCES, the practice of removing tenants from land, mainly to enlarge and improve farming efficiency (Highlands Clearences), when many of the families went to the new worlds
CLEIT, small stone construction for drying peat
CLEPE AND CALL, a court summons
CLOUT, small piece of land
CLUB, an apprentice, usually in shoemaking, who is not yet a freeman
COAD (cod), pillow or cushion; COADWAIR pillow slip or cushion cover.
COAL FAULD, coal yard. Coll bearer; a woman who carryies the coal on her back from the coal face to the surface. Coll heuch, a mine. Collever, coal-carrying horse
COBLE a small craft or fishing boat ; or of a kiln, a vessel for steeping malt.
COCKET , a certificate under the seal of the proper officer that the customs have been paid on goods exported from such and such a post. Clerk of cocquet, or coqueter, is the officer who grants the certificates.
COFE, an exchange
COGNITION, the magisterial act of recognizing an heir, as entitled to be seized in property. Thus to be "cognosced heir " is to be formally recognised as such.
COGSTER, flax dresser
COLLAR, hay sheaf maker
COLLEP, a type of drinking vessel
COMBURGES, co-burgess, fellow-burgess.
COMMISSARIOT, local registry for confirmation or probate of wills and for grants of administration, a commissary, is the officer making the confirmation or grant.
COMMIXTION, Mixing together of property of various owners, with varying effect on the owners' rights.
COMMODITIES, benefits stemming from the possession/use of property
COMPEAR, to appear, generally in a legal proceeding
COMPOSITOR, an arbitrator in legal disputes , also a sum paid in settlement and also meaning the agreement for settlement
COMPROMIT, settlement or agreement
CONDESCEND, to state the facts.
CONDUCE, employ, take on, hire, employ
CONDUCK, conduct, water channel, a conduit
CONFIRMATION OF A GRANT, Confirmation of a charter by an overlord or superior.
CONJUNCT, joint ; e.g. conjunct feftment, fee shared jointly, conjunct fiar, ownership of land by more than one party. Another use of this term is connected by blood - family, kin
CONNEX, appurtenances, items, dealingsconnected with an estate
CONNOTAR, a public notary acting in conjuction with another
CONQUEISH, to conquer ; to acquire property by purchase, donation or exchange, or by other means as opposed to by inheritance.
CONQUEST, HEIR OF, an heir succeeding not by descent from the predecessor but by ascent, as representing an older line, e.g., when the second of three brothers or his heir dies, the youngest succeeded to the heretable but the eldest to the conquest property. The distinction between heritage and conquest was abolished in 1874.
CONSANGUINEAN, A brother or sister who has the same father but not the same mother. - now called a step sister or brother
CONTRACTED, betrothed, and in Scotland legally equivalent to marriage; consent being legally enough, and the public ceremony of marriage being introduced in order to make so important a contract known, though through the eyes of the law was not essential - the contract was enough
COP, cup used as liquid or grain measure
COPER GUIS PAN, a large copper pan for cooking geese.
CORDINER, cordwainer, shoemaker, normally one who works in fine materials and produced high quality wares
CORSHOUS, building standing crossways to the others, possibly at a 90 deg angle
COSE an exchange, usually of lands.
COSNANT, wages without board
COST SIDE, coastal, near the sea
COTHOUSE, small cottage, labourer's house
COTTAR, cotter, tenant occupying farm cottage, sometimes with a small plot of land, in return for labouring on the farm Cottar land, land attached to a cottage
COUNCILLOR, counsellor, town councillor
COUNTERMAISTER, ship's mate
COUP, a basked used to catch salmon and can also be used t describe an enclosed cart used to carry manure, or earth. Another description is that of a cup
COUPER, herring dealer
COURS (linen), coarse.
COURT PLAINT, the feudal privilege of dealing with complaints made to a court
COURTEN ROADS, curtain-rods or curtain poles
COURTESY, liferent, entitlement to income from the heritage of a deceased
CRANIS, a crane of herrings is a barrelful of unsalted herrings.
CRANNOG, ancient lake dwelling, sometimes having an island offshore accessable by a narrow strip of land
CREAR, small merchant vessel
CREEL, wicker basket for fish.
CREVE, petition for one's right
CRO, financial compensation, recompense for a killing that has taken place
CROFT, a small piece of land adjoining a house
CROSS DWELLING, lodging.
CROWDIE-MOWDIE, a concoction of oatmeal and water eaten uncooked
CROWNES OF THE SUN French coins, so-called from the mint mark ; value about fourteen shillings. Could also be names as one of the French kings was called 'the sun king'
CRUE, croy, hovel
CRUK, circle, hook.
CRYIT FAIR, fair with a public proclamation in advance
CUCH BED, a couch bed.
CULVERING, A handgun but can also be used to describe a large cannon
CUMMER, kimmer, witch
CUMPTOUR, An accountant.
CUNIGAR, rabbit warren
CUNNAR, ale taster
CUNYIE, corner plot of land
CUNZEHOUS, the mint
CURATOR, guardian of an infant between fourteen and twenty-one years of age, as opposed to tutor, guardian of a child under fourteen.
CURATOR AD LITEM, guardian of a minor in a suit or of a wife in a process against her husband.
CURROUR, Forest warden
CUSTOMAR, collector of customs monies and dues.
CUTHILL, a wood
CUTTER, someone who cuts down trees for wood without permission
DAILIS, ewes that miss lambing and are fattened for the slaughter
DEALL, a board of deal or pine wood.
DEATHBED, law of, the law by which an heir could cancel deeds made to his disadvantage by a terminally-heir predecessor within the 60 days prior to his death.
DEBATABLE, specifically with reference to land and boundaries, subject to dispute.
DECREET, judgment of the Court
DEDE, deid, deed, a document or the death of a person
DEFENDER, defendant in a legal arguement
DEFORCEMENT, occupying property belonging to another ; also resisting the officers of the law in the execution of their duty.
DELATED, accused at law.
DEMITTIT, dismissed, resigned
DEPONE, depose, give evidence or an make oath.
DEPUTE, deputy appointed by the crown
DEVIDING, formal division of lands or property
DEVOID , vacate land or property
DEW SERVICE , service owed or carried out by a tenant on behalf of the grantor of land
DILIGENCE, legal proceedings involved in the enforcement of payments and the recovery of debts. or could also be a court warrant to enforce the attendance of witnesses or the production of documentation. In modern terms would be called a summons
DILMONDIS, two year old ram
DIRROGATIONE, partial repeal of a law
DISCLAMATION, renunciation of obligation by a tenant to the grantor of the tenancy
DISPONE, dispose of, convey land, alienate.
DOCQUET, statement annexed to the document recording a transfer of property (sasine) stating its authenticity
DOCUMENTIS, teachings, instructions
DOMINICAL LANDS, the mains or principal farm on an estate
DONATOR, receiver of a donation
DORNICK (dornyk), cloth wrought at Tournay in France.
DOTE, give or grant lands as an endowment
DUTY; Service or payment to a feudal superior
DWELL, of possessions, remains possessed by someone specific
EILD, children of, issue.
EME, uncle or near relative
ENGEL, gold coin
ENGENERET, engendrit, begotten
ENNYRNES, Inverness Celtic term for Inverness
ENTER, inter, to obtain, take possession of lands/property/office or to place someone in possession of same
ENTRIE SILVER dues paid on being entered in an estate as heir.
ESCHEAT, goods or estate forfeited or confiscated, possibly on conviction of a crime, non-payment of debt.
ESCHET, forfeiture (O. Fr. eschéoir, to fall out, fail).
ESTAITIS, estates (of the realm)
EVENAR, the person apointed to apportion lands
EVIDENTS, documents evidence of ownership, title deeds.
EXECUTOR-DATIVE, person appointed by the court to execute a warrant.
EXECUTOR-NOMINATE, person appointed by the testator to execute a warrant.
EXECUTRY, the moveable property of a deceased person.
EXONER, free from liability, to exonerate .
FACTOR (factory). attorney (power of attorney) to manage affairs or the person empowered to acto on others behalves; factrix, a female factor
FADER, fadir, father, fadir-of-lau, father in law, fadir-in-Gode, godfather
FAILZAND, lacking in (e.g. an appointed heir)
FAMYLE, Family or could also be kindred
FATHER IN LAW, step-father, and sometimes wife's father or "gude father."
FAYR, father. The y is the th contracted, not a method of spelling.
FEE, full ownership as distinct from life‑rent, or ownership for life only.
FELLIS, fells, hills
FENCED COURT, a court opened and held with due solemnity.
FEOFFMENT, legal giving of possession of land, or the fact of being so possessed, infeftment.
FEU (few), possession, holding of a superior for rent. Feu-duty, feu-maills, feu-fermes, the rent of a feu.
FEUAR, one who holds a feu (land or house) at a rent.
FIALL, feudal tenure
FIAR (fear), one who holds a property in fee ; the heir who has the fee, as distinct from the person in possession who has the life-rent
FIRLES, metal rings uniting a fork or knife to the handle ; cp. ferrule.
FIRLOT MELL, an old measure of meal or other dry provision
FLAGGAN (flacon), flagon
FLIT, To remove from or leave lands or house- to go somehere new
FOIR, fore, e.g., bak and foir, back and front.
FOIR BEARS, predecessors, people who have gone before.
FOIRSAID, foyrsaid, aforesaid.
FOLD DYCKS, dykes or walls for enclosing sheep or cattle.
FORANENT, over against.
FOREGRANDDAME, great- or great-great-grandmother
FOREGRANTSIRE, great- or great-great-grandfather
FORELAND (foirland), a front tenement or house.
FOREST, free forest, a forest where the Crown granted hunting rights under charter to the proprietor
FORFAULT, To forfeit or confiscate from a person or property
FOSTERIS, progeny, dependants
FRANKTENEMENT, freehold, franktenementar; freeholder
FURM, form or bench.
FURTH OF (THE COUNTRY), or of land, abroad, removed elsewhere, outside the borders of. Furthputting; eviction from a property
FRE LANDS, free lands
FRETHING, freeing, disburdening.
FYFT, fyift, fifth, fyftye, fifty, fyiftein, fifteen.
GAIT (gaet), street leading to a gate of a town.
GALLOWES, swing beam ; see s. Chimney.
GARNISON, garnisoun, garrison.
GEIR (gear), goods, tackle of a mill; e.g., household gear, or of a mill, some parts of which went to the tenant, while others remained the property of the landlord.
GENOLIGIE, genolligie, genolygie, genealogy, family history
GERMAN BROTHERS, children of the same father or parents, as opposed to brothers uterine, i.e., of the same mother only.
GIRDS (girdis), girths of a horse.
GLUFIS (gluiffis) gloves.
GODFATHER. This term, as opposed to witness to a baptism, was used by members of the Episcopal Church, chiefly about Dundee and Aberdeen. There was no fined number of godparents.
GOODSONE (gudesone), grandson or son-in-law.
GOSSIP, cousin, friend.
GRANTSCHIR, grandscheir, grandsire, grandfather.
GREWGREN SILK, "Gros-grain" silk.
GRIEVE, overseer of a farm or estate -today, would be called a farm manager.
GRISSILLIS, grissels, grilse, salmon not fully grown.
GUDAME, gudsyr, gudeson, gudesone ; grandmother, grandfather, grandson ; or sometimes mother, father and son-in-law.
GUDE-FATHER, see father-in-law
GUID, guidis, good, goods.
GUIDSCHYR, gudscheir, gudscher, grandsire, grandfather.
GUYDER, guide, guardian.
GUYS PAN, goose‑pan.
HABIT AND REPUTE, the reputation of being a thief.
HAGBUT, a kind of musket ; hagbuttaris, those who carried them.
HAMESUCKEN, A crime committed upon a person in his own home, and the corresponding fine or penalty resulting.
HANDSELL, the first money received for goods, etc.
HANDSEYNZIE, banner, the hand-sign.
HAVER, the person who has custody of a document, required as evidence in court.
HEILSOME, wholesome, heal-some.
HEIMS, short for hemmyngs, shoes made of untanned leather.
HEIR MALE, heir descending through the sons of the family.
HEIR OF TAILZIE OR PROVISION, heir by virtue of a deed of entail or provision.
HEIR PORTIONER one of several taking equally, e.g., in the case of daughters.
HEIR SPECIAL, heir to a particular subject.
HERITABLE PROPRIETOR, one who owns heritable property.
HERITABLY, by heritage ; pertaining in heritage, belonging to as heir.
HERITIER, heritor, inheritor, heir.
HESP, hasp, clasp, hinge.
HERETAGE, heritage, Property consisting of land etc. that devolved on the heir at law as opposed to an executor.
HEUCH, a glen with steep sides, a crag, hence a pit;
HIRD, hyrd, shepherd, keeper of cattle of any kind.
HISTORIAGREPHOURS, historigraphours, historians, people who keep the history of the land and people.
HOG, one-year-old sheep.
HOGSTONE (or Hogtone) OF DOUBLE WORSAT, a jacket of worsted.
HOLOGRAPH, written 'wholly' by the hand of the testator, and thereby valid.
HOMOL(O)GATE, to indirectly approve of, or agree with, thereby confirm or ratify.
HORN, AT THE, denounced as an outlaw.
HORNING, a writ under the signet obtained by a creditor ordering the debtor to pay or be " at the horn."
HOUSE-MAILLS or MEALS, house-rent; cp. black mail Rent payable in cattle, labour or paid by coins other than silver.
HOSPITAL-MASTER, keeper of the almshouse.
HOWFF, hough, a burial ground, a place of resort.
HUSBAND-LAND, twenty-six acres of land ploughed by two oxen.
HYPOTHECATE, mortgage to secure a debt.
HYRD, hird, shepherd,
ILK, OF THAT, of that place or race. Lat., de eodem, i.e., the name of the family and estates are the same, e.g., Wedderburn of Wedderburn or Wedderburn of that ilk. The right to be so called was granted by royal charter, and survives to the head of the family even if the estate is lost. The mere identity of name with that of the place owned (e.g., by purchase) does not give the right.
IMPLEMENT, fulfilling, completion, to take action and do.
INCONTINENT AFTER OUR DECEISS, without delay after our death.
INGLAND, England inglis, the English
INHIBITION, a writ under the signet prohibiting a debtor from parting with his heritage, or burdening it.
INQUEST, inquiry, before a jury as to a person has the right to succeed as heir to a parent or relative.
INSTRUMENT, legal document.
INTERDICT (interdiction), inquisition.
INTERLOCUTOR, (Scotish Law): A judgement or order of a court or of the Lords Ordinary, signed by the pronouncing or presiding judge (short of the final judgement). `Interlocutors, correctly speaking, are judgments or judicial orders pronounced in the course of a suit, but which do not finally determine the cause. The term, however, in Scotch practice, is applied indiscriminately to the judgments or orders of the Court, or of the Lords Ordinary, whether they exhaust the question at issue or not' (Dictionary of the Law of Scotland 1861).
INTERMEDDLE, interfere, concern oneself with incorrectly, without due cause.
INTERROGATORY, formal (usually written) question, needing a reply on oath.
INTERRUPTION, legal action to extend the length of time of a period of prescription .
INTERTAINER, entertainer, guardian with whom a child lives.
INTRES THAIRTO, interest in.
INTR0METTER, person mixing himself up with the affairs of another, e.g., an executor; intromission, the act of so doing to.
INTRUSIT, intruded, interupted
INVENTAR, invetar, inventory.
INVENTAR JUDICIAL, inventory made by order of the court.
IRON BAK, ash pan or basket of iron.
IRRITANCY, CLAUSE OF, a clause in a document attaching a condition to a right, e.g., the bearing of a specified name and arms as a condition of holding an estate, or the giving up of one estate as the condition of succeeding to another.
IUGE, judge, iugit, judged.
IURIS-CONSULTOURS, legal counsel.
JAK OF BANE DEER, a bag made of reindeer skin.
JUSTI-COAT, a vest with sleeves.
KAIN, rent paid in kind, as fowls, grain, etc. When joined with money it means the value of the other subjects.
KAMYS, combs ; applied to a place, it means 'ridgy' ground.
KEMMYNG-STOK, the stock on which wool was set for combing.
KER, sledge used to transport hay. Kerfull, a cartload
KILL, kiln, stove or oven for drying malt, etc.
KIRKMASTER, an official who had charge of the church buildings, and received the money, exacted for the fabric.
KIST, kistis ; chest, chests.
KNAG OF VINACRE, cask of vinegar.
KNAPSCALL, headpiece in armour.
KOU, cow, pl. ky, kyne.
LADILL, ladle, large spoon for lifting broth, etc.
LAIRD, lard, var. of Lord (Eng.), holder of land directly from the King, (A.S. hlaford, O.E. lauerd).
LANTRONE, lanthorn, lantern.
LAUBEIR, laubir, laubyr, labour lauberar, labourer.
LAU'LL, a contraction of "lawful."
LAW-BURROWS (or borrowis), legal security which a man may be ordered to give that he will not injure the person or property of another; being " bound over to keep the peace."
LEET, list of candidates for election, e.g., as bailies, etc.
LEGATOUR, universal, sole legatee.
LETTERS, writ or warrant, e.g., of caption, a signet letter following on horning for the arrest of the debtor.
LETTRONE, lectron, reading desk.
LEY, lea, unploughed land, pasture land.
LIFE, on life, still alive ; e.g., only child on life, sole surviving child.
LIFE-RENT, life-interest, life-renter or life-rentrix, man or woman owning it.
LITSTER, dyer; littet or littit, dyed.
LOCKIT BUIK, the locked book in which the admission of burgesses to the freedom of a burgh were entered.
LOGY HAUCHE AND FUR BRA, the hauch or heuch (i.e., glen) of Logie and the furrowed brae (hillside, side of valley).
LOOSING ARRESTMENT, an arrestment (for debt) is loosed on security being found.
LUDGEING, ludgen, lodging.
LUGGS, A PAIR OF, ears, hinges, the two handles of a vessel.
LYBEL, libel, indictment, etc. ; e.g,, the lands lybelled, lands specified in the suit.
LYFRENT ; see s. Life.
MAGISTER, Mr. This prefix signifies that the person you are addressing is a graduate of a university.
MAILLS ; see s. House-maills.
MAINS (Mayns), the chief or home farm.
MALIS, mailings, small farms ; "a cow's mail, the rent of a cow's walk or grass."
MALTHOUSE, brewery ; maltman, brewer.
MANOR PLACE, dwellinghouse, mansion of an estate.
MARABLE (marbole, marboll), marble.
MARCAT, mercat, market.
MARCHAND, marchant, merchant.
MEETING HOUSE, episcopal chapel, or other dissenting place of worship.
MEMELL (handles of forks), made of oak. Fr. Memeli.
MERCAT, market, mercattis, markets.
MERCATOR, mercatrix, merchant (of a man or woman).
MERCHANDIS LETTER, letter of the merchants.
MET AND MEASOUR, mete and measure.
MILN (milne, myl), mill.
MISPRISON (mispreson, misperson), to slander ; also to conceal crime, e.g., misprision of treason.
MORTCLOTH DUES, dues payable for the use of the public pall (death cloth) at a funeral.
MORTIFYED MONEY, money left by dead persons in charity.
MOYR, mother. See s. Fayr.
MUCK, dung, manure.
MUIS, bushels, measures.
MUKED (of land), mucked, manured.
MULLER, moulded work, frame of a picture ; cp. Mullion.
MULTURE, multour, dewetie, payment in grain and money for having corn ground.
MUTCKIN, a pint (English).
MYLNE, myl, mill.
NACKET. Fr., nacquet, the lad that marks at tennis. Hence lacquey, insignificant person. Nackety means "conceited:” Another word "nacket” means a bit of stone used in the game of shinty, and is also used to describe a small quantity of snuff
NAIGIS, nags, small horses.
NAPERY (naperie, naprie), table linen.
NOLTS' TONGUES, neats' (cow or bullock) tongues.
NONENTRY MAILLS, GIFT OF, the rents of lands in the hands of the superior till the heir is able to assume possession.
NORTHT, northin, northern, northtest, N.E., nortuest, N.W.
NOTARIAL DOCKET, the notary's certificate at the end of an instrument.
NOTARIAL INSTRUMENT, deed drawn by a notary.
NOTARIAL SYMBOL, the sign used by a notary for distinction.
NOVODAMUS, CHARTER OF, renewal of feudal grant by charter, with some alteration or addition.
OASTLAIR, master of an inn, host; hence ostler.
OBLIGEMENT, bond, obligation.
ORDINANS, ordinance(s), order(s).
OUR-GILT, overgilt, gilded over; of a book, gilt-edged.
OURE, our, over.
OUTREDDAR, to outred is to extricate or finish off ; the outreddar of a ship is thus the person who fits it out for a voyage, or disburdens it of its cargo.
OXENGATE OF LAND, an oxgate of land is thirteen acres. cp. husbandland.
OY, OYE, grandson, grand-daughter, sometimes niece.
PAIRT, bairnis, of gear, a child's share in a parent's estate, patrimony.
PAND or PANE, for a bed, the draperies for the frame of a bed, hence counterpane.
PECES, pieces, title deeds ; or any article regarded singly.
PENDICLE, appurtenance, thing hung on to, often a small portion of land.
PESTE, pestelens, plag, plague, pestilence.
PETARES, petards (small explosive charge placed in wooden box e.g. to blow hole in wall, later firework).
PILGIT, a broil, a quarrel.
PISTOLAT, A small pistol, also a coin of that name.
PLAG, plagis, plague(s).
PLANTATION OF KIRKS, establishing and providing for churches in the various parishes.
PLENISHING (insight, outsight, i.e., inside, outside), furniture of a house, stock on a farm or estate.
PLET SLEVIS, pleated sleeves.
PLEY, plea, complaint at law.
PM'ES, promes, promise.
PNTLIE, contraction for " presently."
PNTS, contraction for " presents."
POCING IRON, poker.
POK VAD OF THE ROS, A. Pok, pocket; waid, a dye ; ros or rowse, a kind of cloth.
PORTION NATURAL, the share of a child in the estate of an intestate father. PORTIONER OF LAND, owner of a small bit of land.
PORTIONERS, heirs, daughters inheriting land jointly.
POT IRON, iron for setting the pot on.
POYNDING, attaching lands or goods for debt.
POYNDING, DECREET OF, judicial order for poynding.
PRECEPT OF CLARE CONSTAT OR SASINE. See s. Clare
PRESBYTERY (presbetrie), ecclesiastical court of the ministers and elders of a district of several parishes.
PRIMME, first, chief, prime.
PRINLL., contraction for " principal."
PRISARIS, apprisors, person who apprizes, puts up for sale to pay a creditor.
PROCES, legal proceedings.
PROCURATOR, law agent or counsel.
PROPYN, gift or present.
PROSECUTION OF SIGNATURES. A signature is a warrant subscribed by the King for granting a charter. The prosecution may mean the following out or obtaining of such a warrant.
PROTOCOL, the first copy of an instrument, written by a notary in his protocol book.
PROTOMEDICUS, the chief doctor.
PRYDIT, provydit, provided.
PUPILLARITY, the state of being a pupil, i.e., between birth and fourteen years of age.
PURRING IRON, poker.
PURSUE, persew, to prosecute a suit.
PURSUER, plaintiff, complainer, in a law-suit.
Q Often short for con ; e.g., Qfess, confess.
QUHAIR, quhar, where.
QUHATSOMEVIR, whatever, whatsoever.
QUHEILL, while, wheel.
QUHIL, till, until.
QUHILK, whilk, which.
QUHOUBEIT, howbeit, howsoever.
QUOD, quoth, said.
QUYT OF ENTRY, quit of entry, having paid fees due to the superior
RAISING LETTERS, taking out a legal summons.
RANKING, PROCESS OF, process by which creditors are arranged in order of preference.
RASE (base and opprobrious speeches), rash.
RATSCHE (of a gun), lock.
RAXES, iron instrument consisting of various links, on which the spit is turned at the fire ; or perhaps tongs, rax meaning to stretch.
REGALITY, a territorial jurisdiction conferred by the crown, the holder being termed lord of the regality, with power to hold courts.
REGENT, master of a school or college.
RENUNCIATION, (1) by an heir charged to enter on possession ; (2) of redeemable rights when redeemed ; (3) of a lease. Also the deed by which these are carried out.
REPONIT, reponed, replaced.
RESIGNATION, the act whereby a vassal returns the fen into the hands of the superior, either to remain with the latter, or for the purpose of receiving it again by a new grant. The deed recording the act.
RESTING, remaining due, owing.
RETOUR, an extract from chancery of the service of an heir to his progenitor.
RETOUR OF INQUEST, the report of the jury summoned to find if an heir is duly entitled.
REUSTRIE, revestry, back vestry of a church.
REX DOLLAR, a silver coin (German) of varying value from 2s. 6d. to 4s. 6d.
RONDLE, A. This word has various meanings, e.g., a tower, round shield, round table, and song (rondel).
ROTTONFALL. (Possibly) a rat-trap (rotton-faw).
ROUNDALL, rowndall ; see Rondle.
ROUND SHEETS, sheets put round the mattress to bind it.
ROUNDER BED PLAIDS, woollen coverlets.
ROUP, sale by auction.
SADILL OF AIK, seat (sedilium) of oak.
SALBE, shall be.
SALT BACKET, salt tub.
SALTFAT, or SALTFOOT, of tun, a saltcellar of pewter.
SALTPANS, pits where salt is made.
SAMEKLE, so much.
SASINE, act giving legal possession of property of land or house ; the deed recording the act.
SCHRYNE (scrine), shrine, desk, screen.
SCRUITTORE, escritoire, writing-table.
SCULE, sculis, school(s).
SCUTIFER, shield bearer.
SE'ALL, contraction for severall, several.
SELCH'S SKIN, seal's skin.
SENSYNE, since that time.
SETT, let to.
SERVATOR (servitor, servites), agent, secretary, apprentice ; also napkin.
SERVICE, SPECIAL, as heir to a special subject, as property, etc.
SEVINE, sewln, seuyn, seven.
SEX, six, sext, sixth, sexten, sixteen.
SHADOW HALF, north side of land.
SHAG LYNING, cloth having a rough nap.
SHAMBO GLOVES, made of chamois leather.
SHEDS OF LAND, portions or fields of land.
SHERIFF CLERK, clerk to the sheriff court, and keeper of the records.
SHERIFF IN THAT PART (i.e., in that behalf), one appointed by the crown to act in place of the sheriff in a particular instance.
SHERIFFDOM, the district under jurisdiction of sheriff, a county ; see s. Barony, Regality.
SHUTTLES, small enclosed drawers of a cabinet.
SHOD, shode, shot, " lie shot," i.e., lying separate from the rest.
SICKLIKE, siclyk, like as, likewise, in like manner.
SKAITHLESS, without hurt or damage.
SKAITH, hurt or damage.
SLEIST sluther vagabond ; lazy slothful person.
SOAM, a rope or chain by which a plough is drawn.
SONE, soune, 1. son, 2. sun.
SOUTHT, south, southyn, southern.
SPEET (speit), spite ; also spit for roasting.
SPLEUCHIS (A PAIR OF), splints.
SPRINGZIE RAPPER, springy rapier.
SPUILZIED, robbed or despoiled.
STAFF AND BATON, delivery by, symbols used on resignation of lands by a vassal into the hands of the superior.
STAIG, young horse.
STAITHLESS, scaithless, see skaithless.
STAPIS, tyn, stoups, large pitchers of tin.
STEDDYNGIS, steding, farmhouse and outhouses.
STENT, tax. Also as a verb, to tax ; stentar, one who collects the stent.
STOUP, a vessel for carrying water from the well.
STRIB, iron and girdis (stirroubis, stirribis), stirrups (iron) and girths.
STUIVER, a Dutch coin ; cp. "Stiver."
SUBMISSION ; see s. Decreet arbitral.
SUNNY HALF, south lying portion of lands.
SUPERIOR OF LANDS, the overlord from whom title is derived.
SURRENDER, DECREET OF, ordering the tithes or teinds to be yielded to the crown.
SUSPENSION, LETTERS OF, ordering the non-execution of charges proceeding on bills, bonds, or decrees until pleas be heard.
SYLEBOB GLASS, syllabub (drink made of milk mixed with cider, rum, whisky etc, sweetened, spiced, served warm).
SYMBOL; see s. Notarial.
TACK OF LANDS, customs, lease ; tacksman, lease holder.
TAILZIE, entail ; tailzier, entailer.
TAXT-WARD, the casualty of a superior for lands in non-entry.
TEICK, tick, tick of a bed (mattress, pillow).
TEINDS, tithes ; teind sheaves, grain tithe.
TEMPLE LANDS, lands which belonged of old to the knight templars.
TENEMENT, a house, flat, holding or piece of land.
TESTAMENT, will. Except in Scotland where it does not refer to a will in the modern sense, rather a grant of administration by the authorities.
TESTAMENTAR ; see s. Dative.
THEATS, horse traces in plough or carriage.
THIRLAGE, the obligation on owner or tenants of land within a certain district to have their grain ground at a particular mill.
THRONG OF BUSINESS, full of, "crowded with” business.
TOCHER, dowry ; tocher guid, the goods or money constituting the dowry.
TODDIS HEID AND BUR, fox's head and brush.
TOFT, land attached to a dwelling house and its appurtances, a messuage.
TOLBOOTH, the common prison of a burgh, the building in which the municipal courts are held.
TOLERANCE, deed granting some privilege.
TOUNE, tounis, town(s).
TOWN, a steading (farmhouse outbuildings), with the houses of cotters (cottars).
TOWN HOUSE, house occupied by the civic authorities for the public business.
TRANSUMPT, an official copy of a deed, usually an old one.
TRANSLATION OF A BOND, document transferring it from one holder to another.
TRED AND HANDLING, trade and business.
TUFFELL CLOATH, taffill cloth, table cloth.
TUTOR, one appointed to manage the estate of a pupil below twelve years of age if a female, and fourteen if a male.
TUTORY, the appointment of such tutor.
TUTELAGE, state of being under a tutor.
TWIDLEN (napery), tweeled, twilled cloth.
TYMOUS, betimes, timely.
TYNE AND WINE, lose and win.
UMQUHILE, umqle, deceased, erst-while, the late.
UNLAWS, COLLECTION OF THE, fines.
UTERINE, children, i.e., of same mother, not same father.
VAIK, of a tack (tenancy) the state of vacancy of a tenancy, or the falling vacant of a tenancy.
VENNEL, narrow street or passage.
VERDOUR BED, bed with tapestry representing woodland scenery.
VICARAGE TEINDS, the small tithes, as distinct from the rectorage teinds.
VICTUAL, victuelis, grain of any kind.
VILL, village, buildings round a castle.
VINTNER, wine-merchant, keeper of an inn.
VOLT, vault, or sometimes the circular tread round a centre, e.g., in grinding at a mill.
VRAK (WRECK) of SALMON, salmon cast ashore.
WADSET, the deed by which a debtor gives his lands, etc., to his creditor, who is to draw the rents in payment of the debt ; wadsetter, the creditor who holds the wadset.
WAIR AND BESTOW, spend.
WALED MEN, selected, chosen.
WALKARIS CRAFT, fuller's trade or guild. (to full, clean or thicken cloth by treading or beating)
WAND RUSKES. possibly wandrethes, misfortunes ; wantrust, mistrust.
WARD, (waird), feudal land tenure rights conferred through military service obligations of tenants.
WARDATER, the person receiving from the original ward superior the enjoyment of lands held in ward.
WARD-HOLDING, (waird), tenure of lands through ward rights.
WARD LANDS, (waird), lands held in ward.
WARD SUPERIOR, (waird), the person entitled to draw rent from the lands of a deceased vassal while the heir was still not infeft or remained a minor, thus unable to perform military service for the ward superior.
WARD VASSAL, (waird), the person holding the lands held in ward.
WARRANDICE, assurance against any wrong to a right conveyed, arising from defect in the title or otherwise. Warrandice lands, lands conveyed provisionally in case the purchaser should be evicted from the principal lands.
WAVERAND, having doubtful title to.
WEAPON-SCHAWING, muster for drill in arms.
WENSCHOAT (wainscoat), oak furniture.
WEYHOUSE, house where the standard weights or measures were kept.
WILL; see s. Testament.
WITH, in ownership, possession, of.
WOFFIN, woven ?
WRANGIS, wrongs, injuries.
WRITER, any clerk or scribe, attorney.
WRITER TO THE SIGNET, highest order of writers, having authority to prepare the writs which pass the royal signet.
WYND, a narrow street or passage.
WYSSIE OR WISSIE, to inspect ; Fr., Visé.
YEARTAK, a year's lease.
YOUNGER, often the title applied to the heir-apparent of someone with a territorial designation forming part of his surname, or styled as a Scottish chief: "A, younger of B".
ZAIRD, zeard, yard.